Factum Foundation’s portable manuscript scanner was developed for the Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography (IHAE) in Makhachkala, Dagestan (Russia). The IHAE is the holder of an important archive of Islamic manuscripts dating from the 11th to the 20th centuries, but private collections in the mountainous republic may represent a previously unstudied resource of over 25,000 manuscripts. The IHAE is currently digitising its own archive, but also wants to record and eventually make available for study as many manuscripts as possible from these privately-owned collections.
Although a number of commercial manuscript scanners exist on the market, it is difficult to find portable systems that produce repeatable, high-quality results. In response to the specific demands of the project, Factum Foundation created a prototype scanner with which IHAE operators can travel into small Dagestani villages, many of which are difficult to reach by car.
The portable scanner combines standard photographic hardware with custom made pieces, all of which are easy to replace or remake – this is important because it means pieces can be quickly and cheaply replaced without the need for specialist assistance.
The scanner is lightweight, easy to assemble, and fast, whilst maintaining a standard manuscript imaging quality of minimum 300 dpi. It can be transported in normal camera bags and one custom-made case. The scanner employs two Canon 7Ds and flash lighting to reduce camera shake and ensure high-quality, repeatable images in any environment.
The flash is synchronised with the two cameras via the custom-made ManuCapture software. The user-friendly app automatically adds metadata tags to the images and downloads them from camera to computer, where they can be checked by the user for errors.
Portable manuscript scanner installed at the IHAE digitisation lab
Habib Seferbekov from the IHAE working with one the manuscripts in the archive
The manuscript is placed on a soft v-shaped cradle in preparation for imaging. Plates were not used to flatten the pages in order to keep scanner weight at a minimum.
Then the operator aligns the cameras so that the entire manuscript page is captured in the image
The operator turns the page before shooting the next image using a foot pedal. Images can also be taken within the ManuCapture app.
Image of a double-page seen in the ManuCapture app. The blue 'image crop' lines can be manually set by the operator.
For more information on the Portable Manuscript Scanner contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
The portable manuscript scanner was designed by a team from Factum Foundation. The team was led by Enrique Esteban, with support from Jorge Cano, Quinner Baird, Isabel Fernández López, and Gabriel Scarpa.