Polittico Griffoni
San Petronio Basilica, Bologna 2012-2013

The Polittico Griffoni is a series of sixteen paintings by Francesco del Cossa and Ercole de’ Roberti, originally located in the Basilica of Saint Petronio in Bologna, and nowadays displayed in a number of galleries and museums across the globe. These panels date back from the 1470s, and, despite their different dimensions, were all painted using a technique of tempera on board.

Polittico Griffoni: One of the suggested reconstructions
NB. All measurements are in millimetres.

Inventory of the current locations of the different panels

Saint Vincent Ferrer Francesco Del Cossa National Gallery London
Saint Peter Francesco Del Cossa Pinacoteca di Brera Milano
Saint John The Baptist Francesco Del Cossa Pinatoca di Brera Milano
Saint Florian Francesco Del Cossa National Gallery of Art Washington
Saint Lucia Francesco Del Cossa National Gallery of Art Washington
Crucifixion Francesco Del Cossa National Gallery of Art Washington
Announcing Angel Francesco Del Cossa Collezione Cagnola Gazzada
Announciation Virgin Francesco Del Cossa Collezione Cagnola Gazzada
Stories of S.Vincent Ercole De´Roberti Pinacoteca Vaticana Roma
Saint Petronio Ercole De´Roberti Pinacoteca Nazionale Ferrara
Saint Apollonia Ercole De´Roberti Musée du Louvre Paris
Saint Michael Archangel Ercole De´Roberti Musée du Louvre Paris
Saint Anthony the Abbot Ercole De´Roberti Museum Boyman-Van Beuningen Rotterdam
Saint Jerome Ercole De´Roberti Collezione Vittorio Cini Venice
Saint George Ercole De´Roberti Collezione Vittorio Cini Venice
Saint Catherine Ercole De´Roberti Collezione Vittorio Cini Venice

The Polittico Griffoni was named after the bolognese family of the same name who commissioned the work to Francesco del Cossa during the Italian Quattrocento.
The main panel in the Polittico Griffoni is the one depicting Saint Vincent Ferrer, possibly due to the fact that this Dominican had been made saint in 1455, and the subsequent devotion that this event inspired throughout Europe. The paintings remained in the Basilica until the late 1720s, when they were inherited by the Aldovrandis and the Cospis, who in turn sold them as valuable antiques. Ever since then, the panels in the Polittico Griffoni have not been displayed together in the Basilica they belong in.
The bigger panels were made by Del Cossa: those towards the bottom of the altarpiece are more in line with the painterly obsessions of the Renaissance, whereas the ones towards the top are reminiscent of late Gothic paintings, still placing the figures against golden backgrounds. The smaller panels, as well as the impressive predella, were made by de’ Roberti.

Data from Polittico Griffoni already recorded

In May 2012, and following the development of an innovative and groundbreaking 3D Laser Scanning system, fully developed by the artist Manuel Franquelo and the team at Factum Arte. (Lucida Scanner: created and developed by the artist Manuel Franquelo, cofounder of Factum Arte. Built and tested in Factum Arte under the supervision of Manuel Franquelo). The Factum Foundation was able to set itself the task of bringing the panels of the Polittico Griffoni back together in the form of an exact facsimile. This can be achieved by a dual recording process that involves high-resolution three-dimensional scanning as well as panoramic colour recording; this process is non-contact, thus ensuring that the original artworks remain at all times intact, and is unique to Factum Arte’s modus operandi. The project is being supported by Factum Foundation.

This animation shows the recording of the central painting of the Politttico Griffoni (San Vincenzo Ferrer), the processing of 3D and color data, as well as a tour within the multi layered file of 3D rendering of the surface of the painting and the photographic color data.

A total of eight panels have already been recorded in various locations throughout Italy, namely the Announcing Angel and the Virgin of the Annunciation, by Francesco del Cossa (located in the Museum of Villa Cagnola, Gazzada, Varese); Saint Petronio (Pinacoteca Nazionale, Ferrara), Saint Vincent Ferrer (National Gallery), Stories of S.Vincent (Pinacoteca Vaticana) and the panels depicting Saint Jerome, Saint Catherine of Alexandria and Saint George (located in the Vittorio Cini Collection, in Venice). Once again, the quality of Factum Arte’s recording techniques has been proven thanks to the high-resolution data that has been obtained from these paintings.

Francesco Del Cossa, Announcing Angel and Virgin of the Annunciation.
Museum of Villa Cagnola, Gazzada, Varese, Italy

Laser surface recording of Announcing Angel and Virgin of the Annunciation.

The setup in the National Gallery's photo studio during the laser recording of Cossa's tempera painting of Saint Vincente Ferrer.
The photography was done using a Clauss Panoramic system. The painting was recorded at 600 DPI at 1:1
(Lucida Scanner. Created and developed by the artist Manuel Franquelo, cofounder of Factum Arte
Built and tested in Factum Arte under the supervision of Manuel Franquelo)

3D Surface data routed into high density board.
Ercole De Roberti, Saint Catherine and Saint George.
Collezione Vittorio Cini, Venice (Italy)

3D Surface data routed into high density board, with colour information printed used Factum Arte's flatbed printer.
Ercole De Roberti, Saint Jerome and Saint George.
Collezione Vittorio Cini, Venice,Italy

Francesco Del Cossa, Saint Vincent Ferrer
National Gallery, London, UK
Permission granted: scanning took place on 21-23 August 2013

Additional panels and their current locations

Ercole De' Roberti, Predella: Stories of Saint Vincent Ferrer
Vatican Gallery, Rome, Vatican City
Permission granted: scanning took place in Octubre 2013

Ercole De'Roberti, Saint Apollonia and Saint Michael Archangel
Musée du Louvre, Paris, France

Ercole De' Roberti, Saint Petronio
Pinacoteca Nazionale Ferrara, Italy
Permission granted: scanning took place in Octubre 2013

Ercole De'Roberti, Saint Anthony the Abbot,
Museum Boyman-Van Beuningen, Rotterdam, Holland

Francesco Del Cossa, Crucifixion
National Gallery of Art Washington (USA)

Francesco Del Cossa, Saint Florian
National Gallery of Art, Washington, USA

Francesco Del Cossa, Saint Lucia
National Gallery of Art, Washington, USA

Francesco Del Cossa, Saint Peter
Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan, Italy

Francesco Del Cossa, Saint John The Baptist
Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan, Italy

Lucida 3D Scanner.
Created and developed by the artist Manuel Franquelo, cofounder of Factum Arte
Manuel Franquelo: general concept and development in the areas of electronics, mechanics, optics, and software.
Built and tested in Factum Arte by Carlos Bayod, Jorge Cano, Dwight Perry, Nicolás Díez and Manuel Franquelo Jr. under the supervision of Manuel Franquelo.

Related videos

Share

Facebook  Twitter

Factum Arte
Copyright 2017
Aviso Legal. LOPD