Be3D 3D Printing, Scanning, Software + Design Conference 2015
Session 2: The Future of Design
Adam Lowe, Director of Factum Arte, spoke at the Be3D 3D Printing, Scanning, Software + Design Conference, which took place in late 2015. His talk: The Future of Design, discusses the transformations that are required as bridges are built between traditional craft skills and new technologies, using projects developed at Factum Arte as a basis on which he talks about the importance of high-resolution documentation and digital mediation as a tool for conservation and creation of objects of art and of history.
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The Replica 360 Recto/Verso Scanner is rotary scanning system desgiend by Factum Arte capable of recording 12 A3 sized double-sided images at 400 DPI per minute. The scanner was made to record the Fondazione Giorgio Cini´s photo archive in Venice, which contains roughly 1 million annotated photographs of paintings from the Veneto.
The woodburytype process was a photo-mechanical process pioneered at the end of the nineteenth century by Walter. B. Woodbury.
As the first and only photographic printing method that renders an image as continuous tone it is unique in its capability to replicate the subtleties and details of a tonal image. The process involves casting warm gelatine mixed with pigment into a relief mould. Under the pressure of the press the excess gelatine is displaced, and once set, the gelatine is peeled off the mould revealing the image. Depth and tone correspond absolutely: the deeper the section of the relief, the deeper the gelatine and the darker the resultant tone.
The Veronica Chorographic Scanner (referred to as the Veronica) is a bespoke 3D scanner designed by Manuel Franquelo Jr. and built in Factum Arte to record faces and objects within a 50 x 50 x 50 cm range. The Veronica is specifically designed to capture the fine surface detail of the human face.
Dwight Perry is currently experimenting with two microwave oven transformers wired in parallel to produce fulgurites from a tank of sand. The aim is to produce simple forms in vitrified sand capable of becoming moulds for casting salt.
Casting salt and the application of salt as a building material is an area of research that is of growing importance for a variety of applications.The Video shows the experiment with a block of cast salt that has been submerged in warm water for 30 hours.
The new tapping-head fitted to the milling machine in the workshop where 10 new scanners are now in production.
Precision tapping a piece like this by hand takes hours. Some parte are being milled in Madrid others in Dwight Perry’s workshop in Dorset.
The new flatbed printer, designed and made by Dwight Perry, based on an Epson 11880 Pro. It is capable of printing150 x 400cm and is both higher resolution than the existing printer with a number of modifications that will significantly improve the quality of our prints onto gesso and other surfaces.
Two paintings by Giovanni da Modena in the church of San Petronio, Bologna, were recorded at high resolution using the Dr Clauss panoramic photography system on 8 May 2012.
Factum Arte's Lucida 3D laser scanner, though still at a prototype stage, was used in the Museo Del Prado in April 20122 to record paintings by Titian and Rubens. The results demonstrated that the scanner had overcome many of the limitations that have restricted the use of 3D scanners for the documentation and monitoring of cultural artifacts.
Factum Arte built a working 3D cement printer that can print directly from digital CAD files. Once the plans had been finalised, a prototype was built for GENESIS, an exhibition about genetics that opened in Centraal Museum, Utrecht in May 2007.
This video features early footage of Adam Lowe and Dwight Perry running tests in cement printing.
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